A Short Introduction to Industrial Refrigeration Get to know a few basics about the industrial refrigeration industry. What is the use of the machinery and what is it made of? Usual Uses. Fully functional, high level industrial refrigeration plays an intrinsic role in the success of any business working in the food industry. An industrial refrigeration comes with many uses such as maintaining the freshness of all kinds of meat, making sure that the fruit will ripen, and many more. There are also products that requires to be chilled at all time such as dairy products.
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Most commercial, industrial and retail buildings will have an air conditioning system in place. This is one of the general uses of refrigeration, to cool the surrounding hot air.
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In manufacturing, refrigeration is an absolute must in many cases. For example, it is used to liquefy gases such as methane, oxygen and nitrogen. High-tech industrial refrigerators can also be found in oil refineries and chemical plants. Anhydrous ammonia, also known as NH3, R-717, or simply ammonia, is the usual refrigerant used. It provides many functions to its wide use even if it is the cheapest among the options. The other functions of this chemical is that it is a conductor of heat and it has latent heat properties. Ammonia, being the best choice of a refrigerant, is biodegradable and cannot contribute to the destruction of the environment such as the ozone layer. Propane and propylene are usually found in refineries or major chemical plants. As gases, their downfall is the high flammability so these refrigerants cannot be used in environments where fire and explosions can occur. Another refrigerant that cannot harm the environment is the carbon dioxide which is simply a gas recovered from the atmosphere. It is usually used in certain events where cool temperatures are required. Other types of refrigerants do also exist. Their use depends on individual situations and requirements. Components of a Refrigerator System. The main material that lets the pumping of the refrigerant, lowering and increasing pressure is the compressor, also known as the vapor pump. Different types of compressors are available such as rotary screw compressors, piston compressors, and diagram compressors. Another significant material in a refrigerator system is the evaporator. It captivates heat, lets the heat to boil off the refrigerant into a vapor, and lets the heat to supercharge the remaining vapor. A condenser is another material that comprises a refrigerator system which forbids sensible heat and latent heat from entering the system. The refrigerant metering device restricts the free flow of the refrigerant, ensuring only a safe and controlled amount is allowed to pass through the liquid line at any one time.